PoE Switch VS. PoE Injector: Which Should Choose for PoE Networking System Setup

The Internet has become an important part of our daily lives. In order to make life more convenient, there are various network devices on the market, such as IP phone, wireless access point and IP camera. These devices not only need to get the network through the Ethernet cable, but also need to get the power through the wire. When the number of devices is large, the wiring will be complicated. How to solve this problem?

Recently, PoE (Power over Ethernet) technology has been widely used, which can transmit power and network simultaneously through a single Ethernet cable. PoE devices include power sourcing equipment (PSE) and powered devices (PD). PSE is a device for transmitting power, and then PoE switches and PoE injectors are PSEs. Devices that receive electricity are called PDs. People often ask:  PoE switch vs. PoE injector: Which one should choose? This article will compare these two PSEs to help you make a choice.


What is a PoE switch?

PoE network switches or Power over Ethernet switches are built-in PoE injection network switches. Therefore, it can transmit both power and network to the PD directly connected to it through a single Ethernet cable. PoE network switches are considered to be one of the smartest ways to invest in your network system.

PoE switches are mainly used with IP cameras, VoIP phones and wireless access points (WAP). You can usually buy 4/8/16/24/48 port PoE switches. PoE network switches can be divided into many types, such as unmanaged, managed PoE switches, outdoor PoE switches, industrial-grade switches, and 800m long-distance PoE switches. PoE switches provide power and establish network connections for IP cameras that support PoE through network cables such as Cat5, Cat5e and Cat6.

What is PoE Injector?

Power injectors are also called PoE injectors or midspans. They are small, simple hardware devices connected to your network, allowing you to power other devices through your network. There are two types of PoE injectors, including passive PoE injector and active PoE injector.

In order to add PoE to conventional non-PoE network connections, PoE injectors are often used. Although all ports of PoE switches can be used for power supply and network transmission, some older switches without PoE function cannot be used with PoE devices because they can only transmit network but not power. Fortunately, if you just want to use PoE technology, you don’t need to upgrade all your existing switches to PoE-compatible switches. Compared to replacing your original network infrastructure, PoE injector is a cheap and easy way to allow some PoE devices to be used with non-PoE switches.  

The injector injects power into the data obtained from the non-PoE switch and transmits the power and network to the PD through a single Ethernet cable (such as Cat5e and Cat6 cable). The two main benefits of using power injectors in your network are cost and flexibility.

PoE switch vs. PoE injector: The choice depends on network requirements.

Among the two PoE PSE devices mentioned above, PoE network switches are currently the most commonly used devices. Because of its high efficiency and cost-saving advantages, PoE switches are often the first choice when planning to establish a PoE network for homes or offices.

However, before PoE switches became popular, non-PoE switches were usually used in home or office network construction. When you need to add some PDs with PoE to these network systems, what would you do? In this case, you don’t need to discard the existing non-PoE switch and buy the new ones with PoE. PoE injectors can be added to each PD, saving you the trouble of upgrading switches. However, it should be noted that the PoE injector is only suitable for PoE network systems with a few PDs. If you want to add dozens of PDs, it is more appropriate to choose a PoE switch.

As the company continues to expand and homes become more and more intelligent, PoE switches are an effective part of taking your network in the right direction. Any network device that requires a small amount of power to operate and communicate on the network can be plugged into the PoE switch. PoE injectors can still meet some special needs. The latest IEEE802.3 bt standard can provide 95W high power, and the 95W PoE injector is a good choice without changing the existing network infrastructure. 10G PoE injector is another device that injects power into a 10G network. So how to choose PoE switch and PoE injector depends on the actual situation. The PoE switch has integrated the power supply in the switch, and the PoE injector is used as a power supply that can increase the power to the twisted wire and transmit the network and power to the front-end IP devices.

What’s the Difference Between PoE NVR and PoE Switch?

“I’m going to install two IP cameras in my house. If the NVR already has PoE switch built in, just use that? Actually, I have no idea whether to use a PoE NVR or a PoE switch matching with them. So, what’s the difference between them? Can some one help me?” This article intends to explore the differences between PoE NVR and PoE switch. Let’s break down the differences and the pros and cons of each in details so that you can make an informed decision.

What is PoE? 


Power over Ethernet (POE) is a technology that lets network cables carry DC power. PoE connections offer greater flexibility in terms of where you can locate a device, because with a PoE connection, there is no need for the additional power cable. This reduces the complexity of installing in awkward locations.

You can find two kinds of PoE capable devices today: power sourcing equipment (PSE) and powered devices (PD). Sometimes a device functions as both a PSE and PD. Power over Ethernet (POE) technology sends 10/100/1000 Mbps of data and 15W, 30W, 60W, and up to 90W of power budget to devices over Cat5e and Cat6 Ethernet cables for a maximum distance of 100m.

PoE benefits organizations in 5 five primary ways — 1. reduced installation costs, 2. increased installation safety, 3. responsive deployments, 4.high performance data-gathering capabilities, and 5. productivity enhancements. POE has many applications, but the three key areas are: VoIP phones, IP cameras, Wireless access point.

What is PoE switch?

A switch is a device that allows devices on a network to communicate. A PoE switch has the Power over Ethernet functionality built into it, delivering power and data over the same cable for easy installation. It is a dedicated device that contains multiple Ethernet ports to provide power and network communications to IP devices. This allows a PoE switch to expand the reach of an NVR system because you can connect IP cameras to the PoE switch rather than the NVR. A PoE switch expands a network created by a router. Therefore, it must be connected directly to a router on the same network as your NVR. Most PoE switches have limited power, so you can only power smaller devices.

What is PoE NVR?

PoE NVR is a network video recorder with built-in PoE switch meant for use with PoE based IP cameras. Equipped with a PoE switch, the PoE NVR provides both power and network to the cameras via a single Ethernet cable. There is no need for an additional PoE switch, which will reduce the cost of equipment in theory. Simply run one CAT5e/6 cable from the camera to the NVR, and it will provide power to the camera while streaming video/audio/data all over one single cable.

The Difference between PoE NVR and PoE switch

From the above, you will see that both PoE NVR and PoE switch can provide power and data transmission. However, the former is limited in minimal network administration experience while the latter can expend the network freely. With PoE NVR, all the cameras have directly wire back to the NVR as the PoE switch is integrated to recorder box which is good and not good. If the system is small such as 4-channel IP camera system, PoE NVR makes the setup quickly. However the flexibility gets worse while the cameras are increasing. With PoE switch, multiple cameras can connect to different switch before it return to the NVR. Thinking that a PoE switch needs to be placed anywhere near your NVR or router would be a mistake when there are many camera in the system. It makes the most sense to place your switch as close to the biggest cluster of cameras as possible. This can make for a lot of short cable runs from IP cameras to switch. From there, it’s just a matter of running a single cable from that switch back to your router. The end result is that you simultaneously put all of your IP cameras on your network by running that one cable.

There’s no way to conceal the fact that purchasing an NVR with a built in switch is going to be cheaper. A standard NVR purchased together with a dedicated PoE switch will probably cost you about 25% more than the alternative. If you still have a demand for the same type of “camera hardwired to NVR” setup and your NVR is out of warranty, you’ll now find yourself needing to replace the entire NVR instead of the much cheaper network switch. The PoE switch is being integrated into the PoE NVR, if the PoE NVR go defective, the both NVR and the switch has to be replaced.

The PoE NVR is going to require that you run your cable the same way you would with an analog system. In this scenario, you’re going to be running a cable for each camera all the way back to the NVR to create your hardwired connection. Your cable length is limited, in this case, to the standard 328 feet unless the PoE extender is being deployed.

Practical Tips to Improve your WiFi Signal

Confronting awful WiFi signal coverage is annoying right? When you are walking into the stairs, the WiFi suddenly disappeared. If you have tried the common solutions like upgrade firmware and play with antenna to improve your WiFi signal, but they didn’t make good result. Here are some practical tips to offer. First of all, let’s figure out what causes the poor WiFi connectivity.

The WiFi employs 2.4Ghz or 5.8Ghz to transmit the signal in the air which is easier to weaken by the obstructions such as the walls. One wall will weaken WiFi signal to 80%, and two walls will go down to 50% left. Some people think 5.8Ghz WiFi router can improve WiFi signal, which may not always true. If the WiFi is weaken by obstructions, the 5.8Ghz WiFi router only makes it worse. Although the 5.8Ghz WiFi router is capable of carrying higher volume data, meanwhile it compromises the penetrating capacity, which means its transmission distance is shorten than the 2.4Ghz WiFi router. An instinct way to bypass the obstructions is relocating the WiFi router. However, sometimes you will have no condition to move the router. Because WiFi router has to set closed to the network entrance. The first practical tip is that you can use a repeater to receive the WiFi signal from the main router and transmit forward to the destination. Look at the image below. There are 4 walls between the WiFi router and the bedroom which causes the dark zone. Now if we place a repeater at the living room will reduce the obstructions to 2 walls. The key is to find the path for the WiFi signal to bypass the obstructions, usually it is the L shape. The repeater should be placed at the turning point of the L.

There are two ways to repeat the WiFi signal. If you already have an old WiFi router in hand, now this is a chance to re-use it. What you should do is to connect your old router to the main router through WiFi. Actually it is not complicated as you think.

  • Re-use your Existed WiFi Router

Firstly, power up the old router and make the connection by using a laptop or Mobil phone, then login the router in the web browser. If you don’t remember the IP address or the login account, usually you can find the information at the bottom of the router. Find the reset button and depress for more than 10 seconds after the router is powered up. This operation can restore the factory setting which allows you to login with default account. In the Wifi setting page, you can see the WDS option unchecked. Mark the checkbox and it will present the network search option in the page. Use this search option to connect this router to your main WiFi network. There are two more steps to go through. Turn off the DHCP and change the IP address of this router in case that it may have IP conflict with your main router. Once you have done these setting properly, the WiFi router will work as WiFi repeater.

  • Pick WiFi Repeater

If you feel too much bother to tweak the setting in the router, you can simply buy a WiFi repeater. WiFi repeater (aka WiFi extender) works much similiar as your old router here. But the setting is simpler. The DHCP and IP address conflict issues are avoided by the default setting as the product is designed for WiFi repeating purpose. Simply plug the repeater to the AC outlet, it will create internal WiFi which allows you to access by using the mobile phone or tablet. After you login the repeater, you can connect the repeater to your main WiFi network, and the repeater will start forwarding the WiFi which works exactly the same as the above WiFi router.

  • Move Antenna Outside

The WiFi signal is being transmitted through the antenna. While there are thick walls that weaken the signal, move the antenna to another side to bypass the walls which could improve the WiFi signal. This solution doesn’t always work, because some of the WiFi signal could be consumed while transmitting along with the extension cable. It’s too weak for the remained signal to spread out. People mentioned to turn to high power antenna, I don’t recommend it, as the antenna needs to match the original power design of your router. Replace with high power antenna while the router can’t provide enough power which makes the case worse.

WiFi router and repeater try to bypass the obstructions by changing the direction. It only reduces the obstructions but not eliminates it. The seconds practical solution is to mix wire and WiFi connection. Use the wire cable to transmit network signal to the dark zones and create WiFi signal from there. There are several ways to make it.

  • Powerline Adaptor

The power line adaptor takes used or existed AC power line to transmit network data. The network signal is converted before being injected to the power line with adaptor and picked up at other AC outlet by another adaptor. After that, it will generate new WiFi signal. If you have WiFi birdhouse camera in the garden, it relies on the WiFi connectivity. Use the power line adaptor can easily extend the WiFi signal closed to the camera as long as the AC outlet is nearby. Two important things about the power line solution. The adaptor only works in the same electric meter. Both transmitter adaptor and receiver adaptor need to stay in the same meter. And the second thing is that power line requires qualification cables in the building. If the building is very old with poor cabling job, the power adaptor may have problem to transmit the data.

  • PoE WiFi access point

PoE WiFi access point receives network signal by using the Ethernet cable and generates new WiFi dignal in the field. The connection between PoE WiFi access point and the main router is cable link, which can provide reliable high speed up to 1000 gigabytes. Moreover, multiple WiFi access points can be deployed to improve the WiFi signal to coverage different areas. The advantages of PoE WiFi access point is both power and data can be transmitted to the access point by using signal Ethernet cable. Wherever the cable is, the power source follows. The power is added to cable at the router by using the PoE injector.

  • Long distance WiFi PoE extender

As we know that the cat5/cat6 cable connection is limited to 100 meters. If the WiFi signal needs to be extended over 100 meters, such as from the lake to the house, you may need the PoE extender to repeat the network signal. The PoE extender can repeat the network signal up to 500 meters. The PoE WiFi access point will be installed at the end of 500 meters and create the WiFi signal to cover the area. It’s of great convenience that the PoE extender doesn’t require power source closed to each repeater. The power is added to the cable inline by PoE injector. The power adaptors are eliminated in the daisy chain setup.

The last but not least, sometimes the poor WiFi is not caused by the obstructions, but jamed with neighbor’s WiFi, because there are too many WiFi working in the field. I saw people has more than 25 WiFi hot spots picking up in his phone, the WiFi signal is so craw so it gets jam. Sometimes you experience the poor WiFi connection occasionally such as at night or at weekend. Properly the WiFi is too crowded. People use WiFi more often in these time frames. You can simply check the WiFi hot spot with mobile phone. If in such case, except for bringing your WiFi more closely, you can switch the WiFi channel in your WiFi router to avoid the jam.

  • Channel switch

What is WiFi channel?

Think of the walkie-talkie which has different channels to communicate with each other. The WiFi router has around 13 channels, it is set to auto selection in default. What you can do is to login your WiFi router and manually switch the channel to test whether the situation improved. It is important to choose the moment to make the change when WiFi connectivity became worse. Only this moment you can know which channel is being jam. Reboot the router after you switch to new channel, your mobile device will make the WiFi connection to the new channel.

The above is the all the possible solutions that I offer for help. If you do have any new idea or all above tips still can’t improve your WiFi network, please leave a message in the comment section. Here is the article about how to set up home network with PoE switch.

DVR VS PoE NVR

DVR and NVR is the critical part of camera security system. People choose either DVR or NVR as recording equipment. This article would like to go through basic knowledge about what’s difference between DVR and NVR.

  • What is DVR?

DVR, digital video recorder, is kind of electronic device that records video in digital format and usually used with analog cameras. It digitalizes the analog video and saves to the hard disks as footage. Due to DVR only accepts analog signal, it couldn’t be connected to different type cameras but analog cameras. The connection way is point-to-point. Every camera needs two cables, one connects DVR and another connects to power source. It brings some limitations when security system needs to be upgraded.

  • What is PoE NVR? 

PoE NVR, is network video recorder integrated with PoE technology. As we know, NVR provides video storage as well as remotely viewing. In the IP camera system, the video is being encoded and processed at the ip cameras, NVR simply receive the Digitalize data, write to the hard drive and decode it before output to a monitor. In addition, NVR accept video stream from both wired or WiFi security cameras while DVR only works with wired analog video.

PoE allowing data and power are being transported over single cable after IP cameras is connected to PoE NVR, it doesn’t require extra power cord to supply the power. All you need just one cat5e cable connecting the cameras to PoE NVR.

The following are some major differences between DVR and PoE NVR.

  •      Video Signal

As mentioned above, DVR accepts analog signal while PoE NVR accepts IP video signal. The difference would affect image quality. IP camera provides HD videos and images, showing clearly faces, motions as well as the detail, which enhance security. The traditional analog couldn’t offer better image detail. However, the new analog camera system appears including AHD, TVT these years which can deliver HD video. It improves the image quality dramatically. Still the image detail are not good as IP camera comparing with same resolution, because the analog video transporting over cable will always involve in data loss.

  •      Connecting way

DVR requires cameras point-to-point connection directly with coaxial BNC cable. This cable does not deliver power or offer audio connections. Extra cable is needed for power source. As the analog video is pretty much the raw data, it is easier to get interference during the transporting. While the audio is needed, RCA connection has to be added.

PoE NVR uses one cable to supply the camera with data and power. The power adaptor or AC outlet are eliminated closed to each cameras. Furthermore, PoE provides the capacity to repeat the network connection up to 500M. Power line and WiFi offer the flexible way to connect IP cameras . No matter wired or WiFi cameras, PoE NVR can simply take them into the system.

  •      System upgrade

Unlike DVR, the PoE NVR or NVR doesn’t process the data. The data is being handled before transporting to NVR recorder. PoE IP camera system takes all the advantages of network technologies. It provides much more flexibility while setting up the surveillance system. For example, users want to expand the monitoring area and add more cameras to the field. This could be the headache for the DVR because the connection ports are fixed. The PoE NVR accepts the cameras either from the PoE port or the network. Even it doesn’t have extra ports for new cameras. Simply add PoE switch can expand the cameras connection easily. Click to learn more how to use external PoE switch to build ip camera system.

4 Factors Should Know Before Choosing PoE Cable

Ethernet Cable are being used to linked the different network devices. PoE (power over Ethernet), is a technology that can transport data and power over single Ethernet cable. PoE devices take the twisted pair in category cables to send the power. While buying PoE products, you may find IEEE802.3 standard always stand up. The IEEE 802.3 specifics how the power should transported in Ethernet cable and what is the maximum power budget. The IEEE802.3af supply 15.4 watts and IEEE802.3at (also name PoE+) supply 30 watts, which fit for lower power consumption devices like IP cameras, access points, VoIP. IEEE802.3 bt is the next generation PoE power which can offer 95 watts power . It benefits high power demanding equipments such as Televisions and interactive displays, Point of Sales (POS) and information kiosks. Therefore, different network devices may need different power and the suitable cable should be picked to match the requirements.

Considering 4 factors before picks the cable for PoE.

  •   Speed

There’re many cables with different speed on the market, including Cat3, Cat5, Cat6, Cat7 and so on.

From the table, it is clear to know cables’ speeds are different. Nowadays, most of home and business network have 100Mbps even 1000Mbps network. Cat5e should be the minimum choice today. If cables are being using in large computer communication or data transmission, Cat6 and Cat7 should be considered as well.

  •   Conductor Size and Material

As we know, conductor’s resistance brings bad effect on power transmissions. The electric currently pass through cable and convert to the heat because of the inline resistance. While the conductor size is small, the resistance is larger and the heat will be higher as well. Usually the cat6 and cat7 cable has the larger dimension than cat5 and cat4. If there is too much power loss cable inline, the remote powered devices may don’t have enough voltage to start up. Pick the bigger size conductor if possible.

Moreover, what made of the conductor does matter. Some manufacturers try to cut off cable costs by using copper-clad (or dipped) aluminum wires to replace pure copper core, which leads to higher resistance. It is going to accelerate the power loss inline. Check the cable’s material. It must be fit into the standard specification. Generally, pure copper is always the best.

  •   Plenum-Rated/Temperature

Other than the core of the cable, the outer skin needs to be checked. The plenum rated is relative to fire requirement. Check the fire code especially when the cables are been deployed to the public facilities such as Hospital, hotel, city hall. Air and water causes negative impact to cables in outdoor application. The cables are easy to get damage somehow while it is exposure directly. Choose the Cable with UV resistance can greatly reduce contact with air and provides better waterproof rate.

Common temperature ratings for cables are 60°C, 75°C and 90°C. If the temperature rises up in the environment, the electrical performance will become worse. Estimate the operating temperature before picking the cable.

  •   Installation

No matter what the cable category and construction structure, while large bundle of cable stick together, it will make heat accumulated which could cause safety issue. Be careful this could turn into problems while installing the cables in the dense place.

Cable speed, conductor size, material, plenum-rated, temperature and installation need to be overseen before choosing the cable. In addition, price is also a factor. If the cable are being selling too lower price, it may need to double confirm the quality. We mentioned the long distance power transport will make the voltage drop. Different voltage can be applied to power over Ethernet (PoE) cable.

 Click here show you Long distance IP Camera setup with PoE network extender.

Set up Home IP Camera System with Power over Ethernet

IP camera, also called Internet Protocol camera, is a digital video camera which captures image, compresses to video files and transmits it over network. The IP camera is widely applied in many places such as home, office building, warehouse and hotel. We will focus on setting up IP camera system at home.

More and more IP cameras are installed for safety these days. A IP camera usually put up at the front door in case of the burglary. According to a survey, about 34% burglars enter through the front door. When the valuable stuff is stolen, you may want to find out who is the murderer. If you have the suspect but no evidence to prove, no one even the police can help you. Backyard break-in can be prevented as well. So setting up a IP camera at the front door is quite essential. The backyard of house needs a IP camera. You may find something unexpected in your garden through the camera like the animal guest. Wildlife and plants can also be seen with the camera. Some cameras has night vision, enabling to monitor the garden even at night. If you have children, it is better to set a camera in the room or living room. The nanny camera is the covert camera which is hidden under the regular case such as smoke detector and PIR sensors. These cameras allow parents to monitor the activities of the children without their notices. It can avoid injuries effectively.

There are two ways to install IP camera at home, either using WiFi or wire connectivity. Be aware of the WiFi camera requires power. The power adaptor has to be presented closed to the camera to supply the DC power. The camera will be hooked up to the home WiFi network for remote viewing. One of the critical conditions is the WiFi coverage should be good enough at the installation spot. The camera takes significant bandwidth to stream the real time video online. The walls are always the obstacles which may block the WiFi signal. There are many ways to improve the WiFi if it is too bad in the field.

The second solution is to use wire IP camera system with power over Ethernet (PoE) technology. The PoE allows single Ethernet cable to transport data and power to the remote IP camera. The AC outlet is eliminated in each cameras. A home IP camera system can be done by yourself with Cat 5e or Cat 6 cable when PoE is employed. Moreover, the wire connection has better connectivity than WiFi. The PoE installation is plug and play. Just connecting the cameras to PoE products like PoE switch or PoE NVR with standard Ethernet cables, your camera system gets ready to work. The PoE technology needs no certificated electrician, so the cost is lower.

Several connection ways can be chosen to set up the IP cameras system. First way is to use PoE switch. It is the most direct and easiest way to power IP cameras. The cameras are connected to the RJ45 ports of the switch by using the Cat 5e/Cat 6 ethernet cable. If the camera is set up outdoors, the cable should be protected with plastic tube.

PoE NVR is the second choice. PoE NVR can be considered as a video recorder with PoE switch integrated. It simplifies the installation. All the cables will be wired back to the rear connection of PoE NVR.

If the network infrastructure is existed without PoE, a PoE injector can be added on to convert non-PoE products to PoE-supported. PoE injector and PoE spitter are two kind of devices to convert the PoE network.

The setup of home IP camera system becomes simple and easy with PoE technology. Find out the differences between PoE NVR and external PoE switch for IP camera system.

Best PoE switch for IP cameras

IP camera security system is a type of surveillance system which can transport video in real-time and record the footage to SD card or hard drive. It is common practice to set up the ip camera system by using a PoE switch. The PoE switch has integrated with PoE technology which allows both power and data to be transported through single Ethernet cable. The power adaptor doesn’t need present closed to the camera anymore. The PoE saves the installation cost and makes the setup easily. How to choose PoE switch? This article will go through the things you need to know before buying a PoE switch.

· Speed
There have 2 major kinds of PoE switch for ip camera system in the market, 100M and 1000M gigabit. Few 10G PoE switch are available as well. The speed is about how fast the data can be processed and transported between the devices. Actually, 100M PoE switch is good enough for IP cameras. The data rate of 8 megapixel camera is only about 20 Mbps per channel. Usually, there are uplink ports which will be connected to NVR or main network. It is better to have gigabits capacity on those ports, as all the data are gathering there. If the budget is not tight, pick the full Gigabit, but make not much difference. The 100M PoE switch can meet the bandwidth demands from ip cameras system for home or small-medium business.

· Power budget
Th PoE switch not only supply the network communicating but also the power to remote ip camera. While connecting all the cameras to PoE switch, it is necessary to confirm each of IP cameras has received enough power. The IEEE802.3 af/at specific the maximum power output in single port. IEEE802.af standard supply 12W and and IEEE802.3at (PoE+) supply 25.5W. The camera with infrared usually takes less than 12W. 25.5W will be enough for PTZ camera. However, it may need high power when heat is built in to the camera. The 95W IEEE802.3 bt standard products are ready now.

· Ports and SFP
Choosing different number ports of PoE switch depends on quantity of IP cameras in the system. It is always good to reserve some ports for future usage. There are 6, 8, 12, 24 ports on the market. You can expand the ports by adding new PoE switch. While one PoE switch is not enough for all the ip cameras, add a new switch and connect to the first one will increase the ports easily.

Some of the PoE switch has two empty slots next to the uplink port. It is the slot for SFP module. What is SFP? SFP, small form-factor Pluggable, is a compact, hot-pluggable optical module transceiver used for both telecommunication and data through fiber optical cable. The advantage of fiber optical is fast speed, low latency and long distance. With SFP, two switches can be linked together in several kilometers. The maximum fiber network distance is 80KM. If there is long distance between two switches, SFP fiber optical is the right solution to go. The maximum cable network distance is 100 meter. Even using network extender, it can be extended to 500 meters only.

· VLAN
VLAN is quit essential for IP cameras system. A virtual LAN (VLAN) isolates the RJ45 ports next to each other at the data link layer. Generally speaking, the camera connecting to the PoE ports can’t see each other with VLAN enable. They are blocked by the VLAN. All the PoE ports only have path to the uplink. It can guarantee the cameras operating independently without interference. If someone try to take advantage of one camera to get other, it can’t be done when VLAN is enable.

· Manageability
There are 3 types of PoE switch on the market, fully managed, smart managed and unmanaged. Both Fully managed and smart managed PoE switch allow users to adjust and control every port’s power and network traffic, VLAN etc. Smart managed PoE switch reserve the partial functions of fully managed, like visual smart managed PoE switch which has LCD display built in. The users can monitor all connecting status in real-time and configure switch by using button around the LCD screen.

Not only the PoE switch, but also PoE NVR can be used to set up IP camera system. Click to find out the differences between external PoE switch and PoE NVR in IP camera security system.

PoE IP Camera Not Work| Test with PoE switch

IP cameras are part of the modern security system. It is important to keep the devices working smoothly, so the system is capable of providing the live video for monitoring and footage recording 24/7. This article would provide some guides about where to check when a IP camera stop working.

It is common practical to use PoE switch in IP camera system. The PoE technology can supply power and data over single Ethernet cable to reduce the cable usage. It saves installation time and cost eventually.

The PoE switch usually has two indicated LED with each ports. There indicator are helpful tool to diagnose the status of cameras.

The Power LEDs is ON

The power ports should be continuous ON when the PoE switch is sending out the power. If the power LED is ON but, but no live video shows on the monitor. Simple dis-connect the Ethernet cable from the PoE switch and plug it back. This operation will turn off the power and force the camera to reboot. Sometimes the IP cameras get hangs or freezes after long time operation. Reboot the camera will bring it back online.

  • The Power LEDs switch between ON/OFF

If the power LED keeps switching between ON-OFF slowly, which means the switch detects the IP camera. For some reason, the switch refuses to release the power. In IEEE802.3, the PoE switch has to detect and classify the IP camera before sending out the full power. This PD signature process guarantees the power is being sent to the right place.

There are some possible reasons causes PoE switch refusing to release the power.

The IP camera goes defective is one of them. Fo example, the network IC is damaged by power surge which causes the ultra-low current or ultra-high current if the camera gets short Circuit.

The Ethernet cable also may trigger the PoE switch refusing power. The maximum cable distance is 100 meter between the switch and camera. However if the low quality cable is used, that distance will shorten sharply. When the cable is longer than expected, the power will loss inline and converts to the heat. The consequence result is the voltage drop. When the voltage is too low, it can’t start up the IP camera. In order to roll out this possibility, use DC12V power adaptor to supply the camera, see whether the video get back online or not.

If the distance is too far from the monitor center, use PoE extender to extend the network over 100 meters.

The RJ45 connector needs to be checked for reliability. Use test meter to measure the integrity of the Ethernet cable. If the connector is not reliable or the cable is broken somewhere, the test meters will give you the results immediately.

Once the power LEDs is on, the data indicator should keep flashing when there is data forwarding and exchanging. Usually the flashing speed depends on how much data the camera sending out. For example, the PoE camera is linked to network, but no activated client software watching this camera. The data indicator flashing becomes slowly. Once you start watching the live video, it will flash fast. One of the special case is the data indicator flashing extremely fast even no connection to the camera. It causes by defective network IC in the camera.

  • Data indicator OFF

If the data indicator is completely off. Disconnect the Ethernet cable and plug it back, check how both LEDs behavior. If the power LEDs is ON but data LEDs never turn ON, The camera module is failed. The power module is independents from the camera module. As long as the power module is working, the camera will receive the power, but can’t produce the video.

Both indicators LEDs works

If both indicators flash correctly, there is no video on the monitor. Check the network setting of IP camera. See whether the camera has unique IP address or not. If double use the same IP address while adding new network devices to the network. It will create the IP address conflicts in the system. Next possible reason is some of the IP camera may return to the default IP address automatically after long term operating. Use the discover tools on software or NVR can discover all the available camera in the same network. Add the camera back to the system if that is the case.

If inspecting with above steps is too much bother, visual PoE switch could provide help.

Compared with convenient PoE switch, visual PoE switch has a LCD screen which can display all the connected devices with operating status, such as power and data situations, traffic flow and connections in real-time. While the PoE IP cameras go wrong, checking the visual smart PoE switch screen, you would get the information about which cameras have problems and what the problem it is. Locate the cause and deal with it quickly. Watch the video below to know how visual PoE switch works.

What is PoE IP Camera?

Before moving to the PoE IP camera, let’s make clear what is IP camera first. IP camera, also referred to Internet Protocol camera, is a digital video camera which captures image and transmits it over the network. IP camera needs power and communicating network to function.Therefore it has to be used with Ethernet cable to send data and the power to supply the camera. PoE IP camera has integrated with Power over Ethernet technology. Both data and power are transported through single Ethernet cable(Cat 5e/Cat 6) and videos are transmitted in the same cable. The PoE IP camera simplifies the cabling job and gets rid of the power adaptor closed to each cameras.

There are many ways to power a PoE IP camera. We will go through each of them below.

PoE IP camera can be connected and powered by PoE NVR. PoE NVR, or name PoE network video recorder, is little different from the traditional NVR. PoE switch is built in the video recorder, which can provide power and data to the cameras. Cat 5 or Cat 6 ethernet cable is the standard network cable to transmit data and supply power in PoE. To link PoE IP camera to PoE NVR, only one Ethernet cable is needed. Simplified installation reduces time and cost. PoE NVR can record video files and export it as forensic footage. It isolates IP video camera system from the main network. Usually PoE NVR has four or eight Ethernet ports. If you want to set up few IP cameras in the system, PoE NVR is a good choice.

PoE switch can also power PoE IP camera. The PoE switch connect to the cameras for power supplying and data exchanging. Using PoE switch can link multiple IP cameras and the network video recorder all together. You can choose the number of ports of PoE switch based on the system design. There are 8/16/24/48 ports PoE switch available in the market. This solution is made for those who want to set up PoE IP cameras for small-medium system.

The third way to power the PoE IP camera is by connecting to a PoE injector. The injector can add the power to Ethernet cable and the power is transported to remote IP camera as well as data. Power is taken from AC outlet before converting to DC48V. Usually the injector has two RJ45 ports. The data port will be linked to network hub to receive the data. PoE port will be connected IP camera for transporting the power and data. Since there is only one PoE port, single injector can power one PoE IP camera with this solution.

The PoE injector is able to work with PoE IP camera. If the camera doesn’t support PoE, a PoE splitter can be added to convert non-PoE IP camera to PoE available. The PoE injector and splitter usually work in pair. PoE splitter receives both data and power from the injector, and then separates them into two different outputs to the IP camera.

Last way to power PoE IP camera is to use passive PoE injector. The passive injector doesn’t have any protection for the power transporting. The users should possess the basic know-how to operate passive PoE splitter. The passive PoE injector simply forwards power from the external power adapter to remote IP cameras. It can only power up low voltage device. The passive PoE injector is the primitive PoE solution which works in a short distance.

The cable distance is limited to 100 meters in PoE system. Using PoE extender can extend the network beyond 100 meters.

Set Up IP Camera Security System |Using PoE NVR or external PoE Switch

There always has confusion about how to set up IP cameras security system with NVR. This article would provide basic steps and some useful information about connecting IP camera to PoE NVR or Non-PoE NVR.

 What is IP camera System?

 IP camera is a digital video camera which can be connected to the network, transporting images in real-time. Working with network video recorder (NVR), the ip camera system is able to deliver live video and security footage recording to the hard drive.

The below is the equipments needed for typical ip camera security system. 

  • IP cameras
  •  network Switch
  •  Power source
  • PoE NVR or Non-PoE NVR
  •  Monitor
  •  Enough cables

Note: PoE network switch is required when Non-PoE NVR is selected.

If the system is just being designed, Considering the PoE IP cameras and PoE switch can bring the great benefits.

What is PoE?

PoE (power over Ethernet) is a new technology that allows data and power are transported in one cable. It reduces cables usage in the system and saves installation time, especially when power source is hard to acquire in the field.

Non-PoE IP cameras also can be converted into PoE supported by using splitters which can separate power from data in the cable.

  • IP camera security system using PoE NVR

Take a look at the picture of PoE NVR, there has numbers of RJ45 ports at the rear, which can take in multiple ip cameras.

PoE ports: IP cameras.

LAN port: router or network hub.

HDMI: monitor or TV.

VGA: monitor (VGA). USB: connect a mouse for menu operation.

Audio Out: the external speaker.

Power: turn on/off the power

Firstly, connect all interfaces to the corresponding devices, then power up the NVR.

Next, login the NVR menu by using the mouse and add the camera to the system. Usually the NVR can discover the IP camera automatically. Once you see the live video pop up in the monitor, enter the network setting to change the IP address, and add the new password to the recorder which is important. Most of the surveillance system get hack because the users leave the system with default password.

How to watch the camera on the mobile phone? You will need to download an APP and add PoE NVR ID name to the app. Most of the NVR supports P2P connection today, basically no need to tweak the setting in your router in order to view the live video on the internet.

If you decide to add more IP cameras to the system, pick a PoE switch can provide extra RJ45 ports for the new camera. The NVR has limited resources to take in specific numbers of ip cameras. Checking the system you will find out how many new cameras the NVR still can take in.

  • IP camera security system using non-PoE NVR

Non-NVR has only one rj45 port for linking the system to main network. A PoE switch is required to connect all the cameras and non-PoE NVR together.

LAN port: PoE switch

 HDMI: monitor or TV.

VGA: monitor (VGA).  

USB: connect a mouse.

Audio Out: the external speaker. Power: turn on/off the power.

The connecting process is similar as PoE NVR solution. Instead the ip cameras are connected the PoE NVR, it will be linked to the PoE switch to supply the power and data.

If non-PoE solution is chose, the network hub will supply data for IP cameras only. AC outlets are needed closed to each ip cameras. It could increase installation time and unexpected cost. That is why we mentioned the PoE solution could save installation time and cost.

Here is the video showing how to set up IP cameras security system step by step in both ways.